It took 15.000 people 8 years to build this elliptical shape amphitheatre. Up to 50.000 spectators could watch the bloody gladiator fights and wild beast shows that were held here about 2000 years ago. These combats were finally banned in 404. In case of bad weather it could be covered (a 4 day job). In the course of time parts were stripped and used as building material.
This once was the commercial, political and religious centre of Rome. What you see today are the remains of temples, arches and buildings dedicated to various spiritual and political figures of those days. It's quite a large area so take your time to discover the many excavations from different eras of the Roman history.
Address: Via dei Fori Imperiali, main entrance: Via dei Fori Imperiali
The Piazza del Campidoglio, accessible by
an impressive staircase (called the Cordonata), was created by Michelangelo. The Capitoline museums (Palazzo Nuovo and Palazzo dei Conservatori) are situated on this piazza. Many classic sculptures and paintings are exhibited here. http://www.museicapitolini.org/
Monument of Victor Emanuel
This huge white monument (built between 1895 and 1911) is dedicated to the memory of Vittorio Emanuele II (the first king of united Italy). Some call it a wedding cake, or a typewriter. Inside there is the Museo del Risorgimento that explains about the unification of Italy.